Journal of Autonomous Intelligence

Flame Recognition in Video Images with Color and Dynamic Features of Flames

Jiaqing Chen, Xiaohui Mu, Yinglei Song, Menghong Yu, Bing Zhang

Abstract


Recently, video based flame detection has become an important approach for early detection of fire under complex circumstances. However, the detection accuracy of most existing methods remains unsatisfactory. In this paper, we develop a new algorithm that can significantly improve the accuracy of flame detection in video images. The algorithm segments a video image and obtains areas that may contain flames by combining a two-step clustering based approach with the RGB color model. A few new dynamic and hierarchical features associated with the suspected regions, including the flicker frequency of flames, are then extracted and analyzed. The algorithm determines whether a suspected region contains flames or not by processing the color and dynamic features of the area altogether with a BP neural network. Testing results show that this algorithm is robust and efficient, and is able to significantly reduce the probability of false alarms.


Keywords


Fire Detection; RGB Color Model; Dynamic Features; Hierarchical Features; Feature Fusion

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.32629/jai.v2i1.35

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